The First Century [Penn Athletics] (1965)

[♪ Toast Song ♪] Benjamin Franklin proposed that to keep
youth in health and strength and render active their bodies they be frequently
exercised in running and leaping, wrestling and swimming. 215 years later
at the end of the first century of intercollegiate athletics at the
University of Pennsylvania, we can proudly say we have kept faith with our
founding father. This is Franklin Field, home of University
of Pennsylvania football, birthplace of the Penn Relays. Two Pennsylvanians whose
athletic feats here will never be forgotten are a father and son,
Barney Berlinger Sr. and Barney Berlinger Jr. Let’s let them speak
for Pennsylvania Athletics. Intercollegiate athletics at
Pennsylvania didn’t begin with football or on franklin field. It began with a
cricket match May the 7th, 1864. Pennsylvania played at Haverford and lost
89 to 60 in a one inning match terminated by darkness. Football went
intercollegiate on November 11, 1876 when Pennsylvania met Princeton for the
first time. Pennsylvania’s intercollegiate track
competition can be traced to 1875, and intercollegiate baseball dates from the Pennsylvania/Swarthmore
game that same year. Pennsylvania pioneered in college
basketball and met Yale in its first intercollegiate game in 1897. Today the
university builds teams in 14 men’s and 9 women’s sports, is a member of the Ivy
League, and carries on a vast physical education and intramural sports program
for the benefit of the entire student body. Pennsylvania is concerned today, as
was Franklin during the university’s earliest days, with the education of the
whole man, his experience in the classroom and campus life and on the
athletic field. Today, as it was a hundred or two hundred fifteen years ago,
Pennsylvania aim is to provide its students with a complete education. An important
part of this is keeping them in health and strength and making active their
bodies. Football is first on the sports calendar
each year in Pennsylvania. On Presidents Day the university honored Gaylord P. Harnwell’s
10th anniversary. Dr. Harnwell tosses the coin before the opening
kickoff against Dartmouth. A full varsity Ivy League schedule is supplemented by
junior varsity, 150 pound, and freshman competition. Participants in the intercollegiate schedule now total approximately 200
students with intramural touch football adding 750 more. In football as in other
athletics we’re reminded that sports for all at Pennsylvania dates back to
nineteen four and Dr. R. Tait McKenzie, when the university initiated its physical
education program for all students. At Pennsylvania students compete for the
chance of winning against teams from schools with similar academic and
athletic policies. On Homecoming weekend play begins early
in the morning when the junior varsity and 150 pound squads take over the river
fields until noon. Neither the size of the players nor the number of spectators
seems to reduce the teams’ spirit. The homecoming varsity game is always a
crucial one as eyes of the past view every player from a vantage rich with
memories. There’s the halftime presentation of the
homecoming queen Miss University and her court of attendance, Miss Candy Bergen of
Hollywood, CA. An added filler this particular day was
a chariot race designed to provide diversion if not a test of speed and
steed. With increasing national emphasis on physical fitness
the freshmen men’s physical efficiency tests assumed increased importance. All
incoming freshmen are tested against certain performance standards in
push-ups on the parallel bars, jump and reach, chinning, and running a maze. In Hutchinson Pool
all freshmen are required to swim a hundred yards prone and fifty yards on
their backs. For early detection of students with heart defects radio cardiographic
facilities have been set up at Hutchinson Gymnasium. Students are
selected at random for testing certain phases of their heart action during
exercise. For hyperreactors a preventive program and additional tests may be
indicated. Medically normal students who failed to pass the physical efficiency
tests are assigned to conditioning classes where they remain under closely
supervised physical education instruction until they are able to meet
the university’s requirements. Those meeting fitness standards may select a
recreational sport or advanced instruction such as that provided in
this life-saving and swimming class. Other options are volleyball, handball,
fencing, tennis, and unarmed defense. All students are required to take one year
of physical education. Pennsylvania’s present soccer program
reflects a long record of successes dating from nineteen five and coach
Douglas Stewart. Here the red and blue meets white jerseyed Yale. Under coach
Charles Scott, Pennsylvania has produced such soccer all-Americans as Lou Buck in
’62, Richard Williams in ’58, and joe Devaney in ’52. Pennsylvania has been
represented on eight of the last ten All-American soccer teams. The red and
blue shared Ivy League soccer titles with Harvard in 1955 and 1962. Girls
gather on the new women’s residence fields on an autumn or spring afternoon
to improve and test their skill with the bow and arrow. These same fields provide
improved areas in the fall for women’s field hockey and again in the spring for
their lacrosse and softball schedules. Intercollegiate competition prevails in
all three sports, while archery and softball are also offered as physical
education activities. Basketball at Pennsylvania grew from the
untiring efforts of Ralph Morgan, a determined and dedicated young man. Now
80 years old, Morgan on the right reminisces with Gordon Hardwick during
ceremonies inaugurating Pennsylvania’s intercollegiate athletics at Temple. Morgan also founded the collegiate basketball rules committee in nineteen
five and drew up the eligibility code for the Eastern Intercollegiate College
Basketball Association. Today basketball at Pennsylvania means the Palestra, the
nation’s center for top bracket court competition, such as this close 1963
victory over a stubborn Yale 5. Under coach Jack McCloskey Pennsylvania turns
out Ivy League teams that more than hold their own with opponents of national
prominence. International recognition came to a Pennsylvania court star when
basketball captain John Weidman was awarded the Rhodes Scholarship. All winter long in Hutchinson Gym
intramural teams workout and compete in a schedule now accommodating more than
1200 men, and basketball mind you is only one of 14 sports in which fraternity and
dormitory teams meet in this Ivy-est League of all. Officiating and instruction are provided
by the department of physical education under its director George Munger. He
perpetuates the tradition of leadership established by the man who first held
his position, R. Tait McKenzie, whose portrait shown here hangs in the
director’s office. Hutchinson Pool has been the center of intercollegiate
swimming competition at Pennsylvania since 1927. Today it’s the site not only
of varsity team meets with members of the Ivy League such as Dartmouth shown
here and the Eastern Intercollegiate Swimming League, but is used for physical
education and recreational swimming by both graduate and undergraduate students
and other members of the university family. Hutchinson Pool is in use summer and winter, night and day, seven days a week. Boys and girls aged nine to fifteen compete each winter in the Philadelphia
Indoor Diving Championships in Hutchinson Pool. This 14 year old is
already the women’s Middle Atlantic diving champion. These are Pennguinettes, four of the 45 to
50 synchronized swimmers in the
university’s physical education program for women. All freshmen women at Pennsylvania must
complete satisfactorily one course of dance,
but many who come into the program under Malvina Taiz with little more than
determination progress to the advanced dance group, and participation in many
university programs scheduled during the academic year. Unarmed defense, a cross between judo and
karate, is pursued under the watchful eye of coach Melvin Fuhrman president the
National Society for Unarmed Defense. More than a hundred boys have enrolled
for two hours a week of this sort of beating for the full 15 week term. This
is not the gentle art of unarmed defense. Maestro Lajos Csiszar, Pennsylvania’s
fencing coach and an American Olympic coach, brings the highest quality
competitive and coaching experience to Pennsylvania’s fencers. Under Csiszar,
interest continues high as more than a hundred students make fencing their
choice for physical education. The flashing red, green, and white lights
behind coach Csiszar indicate touches. Pennsylvania’s winter track received a
boost when varsity club president D. Hughes Kauffman presented a $5,000 check to
President Harnwell. The contribution permitted purchase of a new pine track,
forming an oval 1/11 of a mile in circumference and a straightaway to
accommodate 60 yard dashes and hurdles. The freshmen polar bear meat is an
annual March event on the Pennsylvania sports calendar. Varsity aspirants from
Columbia, Princeton, and Pennsylvania meet in the raw late winter air for a
complete schedule of field and track events. Competition in events like this two-mile
run give freshman hopefuls a chance to test their mettle and give their coaches
a preview of their potential for the varsity years ahead. Squash and tennis at Pennsylvania are under
the supervision of coach Al Molloy. Squash activity is centered in the new
Ringe Squash Courts completed in 1958 and dedicated to Thomas B.K. Ringe, 1923
class president. Here at Pennsylvania squash varsity meets for practice and
instruction. These courts are also available to the student body. Competing
as members of the Ivy Squash League Pennsylvania varsity teams are
privileged to play in one of the outstanding squash centers in the East. Wally Johnson, right, became Pennsylvania
tennis coach in 1929 after 20 years of top amateur competition. He won both the National Interscholastic
and Intercollegiate Singles Championships and was a member of the
United States Davis Cup team in 1913. His bid for the national singles title in
1921 was topped by none other than big Bill Tilden. Now at the age of 75 Johnson still
maintains an active interest in Pennsylvania’s tennis and squash teams. These new Palestra courts, a gift from the class of 34, the Varsity Club, and
other friends of tennis provide nearly ideal conditions for varsity competition. John Riis, 1964 National Intercollegiate
Singles Champion, completed the preceding season winning nine and losing but one
match for Pennsylvania. Bailey Brown, here a junior, won the Eastern Intercollegiate
singles as a freshman, and teamed with Riis to win the doubles. In ’62 they won
the ECAC Doubles Championships. In the ’62 and ’63 seasons Pennsylvania tennis teams
have won more than two-thirds of their matches. If you like success stories in
Pennsylvania Athletics, golf is another place to look. Since 1947 under coach Bob
Hayes Pennsylvania golf teams have won 74% of their matches. Pennsylvania won
the Ivy League Golf Championship in 1960. In ’64 the team won ten and lost only one
match. Franklin Field is the scene each spring of the University of Pennsylvania
Relay Carnival, an outgrowth the Pennsylvania’s greatest contribution to
intercollegiate track, the relay race, now a great tradition in American athletics. The Penn Relays have served as a model for sectional relay carnivals in every
part of the United States. They prompted the International Olympic Association to
include the relay as a feature of its quadrennial games. In 1895 at the first relays, ten
eastern colleges and six preparatory and high schools from the Philadelphia area
participated. At the 70th annual carnival In 1964 113 colleges
sent athletes to Franklin field. Entrants both collegiate and scholastic totaled
more than 5,000. Recent relay carnivals have included teams from as far west as
Oregon and Texas and from as far south as Florida. Relays have played host to teams
from Oxford, Cambridge, and the University of Paris. University of Pennsylvania
athletes have won more relay championships of America than those from
any other college or university. Important traditionally at every relay
carnival is the heptagonal mile. This event brings together the eight Ivy
League adversaries plus teams from Annapolis and West Point. The annual Child’s Cup race with
Columbia and Princeton is an event of special significance in Pennsylvania
sports. The Child’s Cup race inaugurated rowing at the University. The year was
1879, the date June 24th, and Pennsylvania won, defeating a Columbia four that had
been victorious at Henley the preceding year. Today Child’s Cup competition
continues now in the eighth ore shell with coxswain adopted in 1891 and including
junior varsity and freshmen races. This is home year for the Child’s
Cup. Whether Pennsylvania is hosting the Child’s, Adams, or Blackwell Cup
competition the stands of the finish line and the banks of the Schuylkill are
always crowded with sports-minded students. It’s a colorful event and a
wonderful tradition in a setting of lush green foliage and sparkling sunlight. Red
and blue, orange and black, blue and white streaking down the river in a relentless
rhythm. And suddenly it’s over, all that’s left is complete exhaustion with oars
lying limp on the water, strength spent in a glorious effort of cooperation and
coordination. The Pennsylvania boathouse was built in
1872, seven years before that first Child’s Cup race. It’s here that crew men freshmen, junior varsity, and varsity, lightweight and
heavyweight, meet each fall with coach Joe Burk. It’s here the long practice
sessions begin and end. The shells are lifted from their racks and carried out
on the dock on crisp fall afternoons in the frosty winter air when the Schuylkill
is a half a degree from freezing. In the spring and in the oppressive heat of
early summer you will find the crews on the river. [♪♪♪] Intensive practice, a tradition with
Pennsylvania crews, started with coach Ellis Ward in 1879 and it’s this
tradition that has contributed greatly to the university’s continuing success
under such great growing mentors as the late Rusty Callow and now Joe Burk. By spring the more than 150 crew
candidates that turned out in the fall have been narrowed down to 70 or 75
earnest and conditioned athletes. Now practice assumes added importance, for
the racing season is at hand. With the end of the spring term in early
May the training sessions are stepped up to two a day, the first in the early
morning and the regular practice in mid-afternoon. The full length of the Schuylkill racing
course is traversed in practice all the way from above Strawberry Mansion Bridge
to the finish line and down to the boathouse. Even though you’re dog tired when you’re
through the shell must be lifted from the water and prepared for tomorrow’s
early morning practice, but you’re one day nearer to the IRAs, perhaps Henley, and
who knows maybe even the Olympics. The renovation of the university’s river
fields will provide a new varsity baseball diamonds and two additional
football fields. The old steam plant in the background will be remodeled into a
River Fields Sports Center. The new baseball diamond was dedicated
May 9, 1964, in ceremonies inaugurating the 100th anniversary of intercollegiate
athletics at the University. This was a hundred years and two days after that
fateful cricket match at Haverford. President Harnwell welcomed a
distinguished bunch, an audience of Pennsylvania’s former athletic greats,
and presented a dedicatory plaque to the undergraduate varsity club. After the luncheon many of
Pennsylvania’s baseball veterans gathered on the new diamond for an
old-timers batting practice. The batting order recalled memories of some of the
Pennsylvania baseball teams of yesteryear. 1913 left fielder Dr. George
Coleman with coach Jack McCloskey on the mound. George Gordon, catcher in 1913, and
G. Foster Sanford, pitcher/captain in 1928. Then, with the alumni and their families
watching from the stands, the red and blue varsity took the field for their
annual game with the Harvard Crimson. The high point of the game was this
two-run homer in the third inning by Pennsylvania captain Ray Carazo. That’s the sports here at Pennsylvania
today, intercollegiate, intramural, and in physical education. But as much as you’ve
seen, there is still more. Lacrosse, women’s field hockey, wrestling, handball,
volleyball, softball, badminton, and bowling. Have I missed any? Yes, four. Rugby,
sailing, women’s paddle tennis, and ice hockey. Ice hockey is still a club sport
as were so many of the others in their early days, but student interest in the
future may change that. Since 1895, 49 Pennsylvania football players have been
voted All-American. Among them are T. Truxton Hare, Bill Hollenbeck, E. LeRoy Mercer,
George C. Thayer Jr., Paul T. Scott, Bob Odell, Chuck Bednarik,
Jack L. Shanafelt. Throughout Pennsylvania football history
some men will always be remembered for one particular play or game. The longest
run back of a kickoff in Pennsylvania’s football history occurred against Notre
Dame in 1955. Pennsylvania’s Frank Ripple took the opening kickoff deep in his own
end zone. With the aid of good blocking and elusive running he went a hundred
and seven yards for a touchdown, out maneuvering Notre Dame’s famed Paul
Hornung, #8, in a race for the gold. In 1947
Tony Menissi he was one of three Pennsylvanians chosen for All-American
honors. Here in the ’46 Dartmouth game he takes off on this 65 yard touchdown jaunt. In 1940, trailing Cornell 14 to nothing,
Pennsylvania bounced back to a 22 to 20 victory. Here All-American Frank Reagan
makes a pass and goes in for the touchdown. In 1952 two-time All-American Ed Bell
surprised the highly favored Notre Dame as he grabbed this pass from Glenn Adams
on the Notre Dame 30 completing a 65 yard play for the tying touchdown. Reds Bagnell, a captain to winning 1950
11. In the Pennsylvania-Dartmouth game he set a national intercollegiate total
yardage record for one player in one game that still stands – 490 yards. Pennsylvania won its first official Ivy
League crown in 1959. Captain Barney Berliner Jr. adds 6 to
make the score 28 to 13 against Cornell. In the University Hall of Fame some are
remembered not primarily as athletes but for their part in forwarding the cause
of athletics at Pennsylvania. Among these were H. Laussat Geyelin, the first man to
wear the red and blue. Frank B. Ellis, originator of the Penn Relays. Dr. R. Tait McKenzie, the first director of physical education at Pennsylvania. McKenzie is remembered best as a sculptor of athletic subjects. Most familiar is
the Penn Relay medal. 62 Pennsylvania athletes have
earned the right to wear the United States Olympic team insignia. In
providing Olympians Pennsylvania ranks among the first five schools in the
nation. A.C. Kraenzlein was the only winner of gold medals in four Olympic individual
events. This 1900 Pennsylvania Olympic squad accounted for a total of nine gold
medals, and Ted Meredith, whose 1912 Olympic record in the 800 meter run
stood for 16 years. Pennsylvania international competition
has not been limited to the Olympics. This 1955 red and blue 8 in white
jerseys defeated Vancouver and brought home the Henley Grand Challenge Cup. Joe
Burk, Pennsylvania coach who guided this 1955 8 to victory is himself a 1939
Sullivan Award winner. He’s a two-time Henley Diamond Sculls champion winning
in 1938 and ’39 and was selected for the 1940 Olympics, cancelled by World War II. At Henley again in 1949, John B. Kelly Jr. won the Diamond Sculls for the red
and blue. This followed his first Olympic singles competition in 1948. And Jack Kelly,
another Sullivan Award winner, has competed in four Olympiads, more than any
other Pennsylvania athlete. The trophy is presented to Kelly by Lady Churchill,
wife of Sir Winston Churchill. In 1932 little Bill Carr made Olympic and
Pennsylvania athletic history with his record-breaking win in the 400 meters. Here Carr is anchoring the Pennsylvania team to victory in the Mile Relay
Championship of America in the 1932 Penn Relays, setting a Pennsylvania team
record that was to stand for 32 years, to be broken by the 1964 team at the IC4As. In 1956 the University of Pennsylvania made a lovely as well as
talented contribution to the American Olympic squad. Her name, Karen Anderson,
her specialty, the javelin. That same year John Hanes, although eliminated in the
Olympic Trials, set an all-time record by winning the National AAU Indoor Sprint
Championship for the fourth time. This is a record that still stands. In 1952, this
trim young mermaid, in the near lane, then Mary Freeman now the wife of John B.
Kelly Jr. was part of the five member Olympic squad from Pennsylvania. In the 1930s two great milers vied for
track honors, Pennsylvania’s Gene Venzke and Kansas’ Glenn Cunningham. On February
22, 1936, in New York, Venzke beat his rival in the 1500 meter run, while
setting a new world mark for the distance. Venzke passed Cunningham at the
final turn and went on to win. He represented Pennsylvania and the United
States at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. The Berlinger family is a living
sports tradition at the University of Pennsylvania and it all started with
Barney Berlinger Sr. he was decathlon representative on the 1928
United States Olympic team, three-time Penn Relay decathlon champion, and winner
of the Sullivan Award in 1931. This action was filmed when Berlinger was
at the peak of his winning decathlon form. When I look at myself as I was thirty
years ago I know how time changes all things. Now since we’ve dealt with the
past and the present let’s take a look into the future. For a report on the
university’s plans for that future let’s move into the lounge of the J. William
White Training House at the northwest entrance to Franklin Field. And here we
meet University President Harnwell. The first thing that we owe our students,
those who are athletically gifted and those who are not, is the best education
that we can give them. But education at Pennsylvania is more than teachers and
books. It’s a meeting of minds and personalities from throughout the United
States and 85 other countries. More than that, it’s a bringing together of the
energies, the spirit, and the skill of the most vigorous element of our society. Youthful spirits demand a meaningful outlet. The physical skills and stamina
of our youth are a national resource that we must foster. This is why we at
Pennsylvania regard competitive athletics, physical recreation, as an
integral part of the life of our community. It is why we count as an
educational investment the cost of maintaining extensive programs of both
intramural and intercollegiate athletics. What is worth doing is worth doing well. The desire to excel and the will to win are the spurs to excellence in physical
performance, and so along with our new libraries and laboratories we have also
been building the Palestra tennis courts, the new Varsity Club board track, the
Ringe Squash Courts, the new baseball diamond at River Fields, and more
comfortable sleeping quarters on the upper floors of this training house. These are but the beginning of a new era of athletic development at Pennsylvania,
and let us look but the campus as we envision it in the 1970s, and especially
at the new athletic facilities we are planning. First a new physical education
building providing an additional swimming pool,
another gymnasium, more squash courts, and more basketball courts. Next to this
building will be an ice skating rink. The new swimming pool will be of
Olympic-size. New areas for intramural competition will be created among the
men’s residence houses we are preparing to build. Under the house plan which we
are introducing each house will have its own teams, and a place for them to play. To
determine more fully our present and future requirements a committee of the
trustees, faculty, and alumni has undertaken a comprehensive survey of the
university’s athletic and physical education program. Its recommendations
are basic to our future development plans. For a hundred years Pennsylvania’s
athletic tradition has been interwoven with its academic tradition, on the
playing field as throughout the campus. We see great years ahead for the
University of Pennsylvania. [♪♪♪]

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